Rogi-Roga Pareeksha : which combines disease analysis with deep examination of each individual. This includes your personal and medical history, daily diet, sleep timings, profession and working conditions, exercise, yoga or pranayam routines, relationships, mental health, complaints and symptoms and duration of discomfort and disease progression, mental and psychological conditions.
(i) Nadi Parikshan: or Pulse Observation is the process of listening the sounds made by the internal organs (shrvanaa), and percussion or tapping (akotana).
(ii) Darshan: It is the observing of patient’s movements, body contour, colour of the skin and eyes, facial lines and ridges, shape of the nose, and qualities of the lips, hair, and nails.
(iii) Sparsha (Touch): The practitioner employs touch, including palpation (or sparshanam - pressing down on parts of the body), auscultation, which is listening for sounds made by the internal organs (shrvanaa), and percussion or tapping (akotana). There is special focus on the patient's pulse, tongue, nails, and speech. Laboratory testing is also included under this category.
(iv)Prashna (Questions): The practitioner asks the patient about complaints and symptoms, as well as the duration of discomfort and disease progression. The practitioner also inquires about mental and psychological conditions.
An Ayurvedic diagnosis and treatment differ from the Western process where diagnosis is made not only on the disease level (called roga), but also on the patient level (called rogi). The exhaustive examination helps the Ayurvedic practitioner not only diagnose the disorder, but individualize or tailor treatments for each patient.
Following are few examples of Ayurvedic treatments :-